As the crossroads of the Middle East, Jordan has served as a strategic centerpiece connecting Asia, Africa and Europe for centuries. Jordan has been home to some of mankind's earliest civilizations, the remains of which can still be seen and explored in many places today. Its capital, Amman, boasts an impressive list of archaeological sites to explore, including the Temple of Hercules and a 6,000 seat Roman Theatre, still used today for cultural events. The 5000 year-old Kings Highway seems to take visitors back in time, past prehistoric Stone Age villages, biblical towns, Crusader Castles, Christian Byzantine mosaics, temples and fortresses, as well as the ancient city of Petra - a wonder carved into sheer rock, and historically one of the most important stops for trade on the silk road. Today, Petra is a UNESCO world heritage site.
It has been said that Jordan is at the heart of the Middle East. It is northwest of Saudi Arabia, south of Syria, southwest of Iraq and east of Israel with whom it borders the Dead Sea. Jordan enjoys a range of geographical features. Desert plateau stretches across much of the east of the country, and constitutes about 80% of Jordan's land. In the west, the Jordan River is bordered by steep highlands and a great Rift Valley separates its east and west banks.
Jordan enjoys a combination of Mediterranean and arid desert climates. Generally, the entire nation sees warm, dry summers with highs reaching up to 40°C in the desert regions. Winters are more wet, and the northern hills have even seen snowfall in some years. Winter temperatures may range form 12 to 25°C.
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