The largest Caribbean island, Cuba offers breathtaking beaches and scenery; fascinating history; rich culture; ecological wonders and so much more. From the epic colonial architecture and Che Guevara murals to the white, sandy beaches and acres of sugar cane fields, Cuba offers a little something for everyone. As a result, travel in Cuba can involve anything from sipping mojitos at an all-inclusive resort to a historic excursion to the Moncada Barracks in Santiago.

The Republic of Cuba consists of the island of Cuba, the Isla de la Juventud and several smaller island groups. Located in the northern Caribbean, the main island of Cuba is one of the 20 largest islands in the world with a total land area of 105,006 square kilometres. Havana is both the largest city and the capital, with over 2 million inhabitants. Popular tourist destination cities include Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo, Holguin, Santa Clara and Varadero.

The Cuban climate is mild and sub-topical with cool trade winds that provide relief from the heat and humidity. There is not much variation between day and night temperatures along the coast and average sea temperatures are around 25°C. Summer temperatures average around 27°C, though heavy humidity (around 80%), certainly increases the heat index during the summer months. Cuba's location in the Caribbean means that it lies in the path of hurricanes and, as a result, these destructive storms are common in September and October. This coincides with the rainy season, which begins in May and lasts until the end of the hurricane season in October.

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