Towering mountains and dramatic landscapes make up China's wealth, providing background scenery to the fall of dynasties, the rise of emperors and the turning of the revolutionary wheel. Follow the Silk Road, sail down the Yangzi River, pay homage to the Terracotta Warriors, explore the bamboo forests of the giant panda or traverse the Dr Seuss landscape of Guangxi Province. China isn't just a country - it's a world unto itself. From shop-till-you-drop metropolises to the epic grasslands of Inner Mongolia - with deserts, sacred peaks, astounding caves and imperial ruins - it's a land of cultural and geographic splendour.

China is situated in eastern Asia and is bordered by Russia, India, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Myanmar, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Tajikistan and Vietnam. It is the third largest country in the world, next to Canada and Russia, with an area of 9.6 million square kilometres. China ranges from mostly plateaus and mountains in the west to low-lying lands in the east, which features densely populated alluvial plains. China is also home to the Himalayan mountain range, which includes Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world.

Due to its topographical diversity, the climate of China varies greatly. Beijing and the northern zone have summer temperatures of more than 30°C, but winters with temperatures averaging lows of -6°C. Shanghai and the central region has hot summers with temperatures of 35°C and cold winters, wherein the temperature routinely falls to below zero. The Guangzhou region in the south, meanwhile, enjoys a subtropical climate with very hot summers and mild winters.

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